In 2005, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry published a report on co-existence measures in Finland. The final report is written in Finnish and can be found here. This report contains information on:
The main propositions in this report are as follows:
The interim report is in English and contains most of the above information, see here.
Furthermore, two studies were conducted for the preparation of this report: see study 1 (in Finnish), see study 2 (in english)
In addition to the report mentioned above, the Advisory Board for Biotechnology published a memo on co-existence (see here). The memo is advisory in nature.
The Academy of Finland, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, and the Ministry of the Environment have funded the research programme ESGEMO. It was launched in 2004 and ran until 2007. The programme aimed at examining the environmental, societal, and health impacts of GMOs. In 2008 the programme has been evaluated. According to an international evaluation committee, ESGEMO “has contributed to strengthening the pool of Finnish researchers and experts in the field and to increasing Finnish scientific knowledge and know-how of GMOs and their effects” (see here). The full evaluation report can be downloaded here.
As part of the ESGEMO programme, several research projects on co-existence have been conducted. The goals of the project “GMOs and genetic pollution” were to create new knowledge on the risk of gene flow from GMOs under boreal conditions, develop new molecular tools for assessing that gene flow and construct recommendations for minimising it. For more information and a list of resulting publications, see here.
Another project analysed institutional, economic and social factors relevant in the context of introducing GMO products to the Finnish agriculture and food chain. The focus was on the co-existence of different production alternatives (GMO, organic and conventional production).