The draft regulation on co-existence is focused on communication and information. Within a certain distance that will be defined by a separate decision, a farmer with the intention of growing a GM crop must notify his colleagues. Neighbours growing similar non-GM crops within this distance may object to his intention. However, such neighbours must provide evidence of likely economic damage.
In the case of an objection, the authorities will determine whether there are options that allow cultivation of the GM crop without risk of economic damages to conventional farmers. The draft also allows for bilateral agreements between GM and non-GM farmers.
Contractors will have to be certified to work with GM crops, and workers in GM fields must be informed about the co-existence requirements for the specific crop.
GM farmers will not be held liable for economic damages in neighbouring fields, if they have complied with the co-existence rules for that particular crop. In such cases, economic damages will be covered by a fund financed by a charge per hectare on every GM cultivation.