Foods that are considered new for human consumption - such foods must obtain authorisation
Unlike known, trusted foods, novel foods must receive authorisation before being introduced to the market. Authorisation is only granted for a novel food if it is safe.
Food or ingredients are considered "novel" if...
Novel foods are governed by the novel food directive (258/97). Until the end of 2003, genetically modified organisms were regulated according to the novel food directive. Since then, genetically modified foods are governed by their own directive (1829/2003).