Farming system without the application of alternative methods or genetic engineering
Conventional farming describes any farming not dedicated to alternative methods. Fundamentally, it is the kind of farming which dominated the 20th century and which accounts for most farming today. In conventional farming, chemical plant protectants, chemical fertilisers and intensive mass animal farming are common. IPM, or Integrated Pest Management, belongs to conventional farming, although it applies some principles of organic farming.
The term "conventional farming“ draws its meaning from the contrast to alternative farming methods such as organic farming or, in the last decade, also to farmers’ application of genetic engineering. Products from conventional farming may contain accidental admixtures of GMOs only below the labelling threshold of 0.9 percent. For conventional farmers selling their products as "GM-free“, co-existence is therefore a very sensitive topic.