Traceability for supply chains outside of the EU


The European Union’s system of co-existence and traceability relies on a continuous flow of information from the seed all the way to the final product. Matters are complicated, however, by the fact that many products reach European consumers from overseas. Cooperation from foreign countries is needed to streamline imported goods with the European Union’s strict requirements for GM products in the food and feed supply chain.


A research group explored potential delictual liabilities that may arise in the course of GMO production, analysing how the current liability regimes in Europe and selected non-European jurisdictions would respond to harm caused to third parties such as consumers or bystanders, and how damage to the environment would be addressed. Specific aspects of cross-border claims were highlighted. Alternative options for compensation such as fund or other redress schemes were considered and compared to more traditional ways of indemnification. International liability regimes, in particular those possibly building upon the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety in the future, were also taken into account.



AgroBioInstitute (ABI), Rumania
Julian Kinderlerer and Mike Adcock
Sheffield Institute of Biotechnological Law and Ethics (SIBLE), United Kingdom
Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (INTA), Argentina
Paraná Institute of Technology (Tecpar), Brasil